Migraine without aura (common migraine) – this is the most prevalent type of migraine. It causes a throbbing pain on one side of the head.
Generally, the pain is moderate to severe with several exacerbating factors (e.g., physical activity). Accompanying symptoms include nausea, vomiting, photophobia (i.e., sensitivity to light), and phonophobia (i.e., sensitivity to sound).
You will not experience an aura with this type of migraine.
Migraine with aura (classic migraine) – in this type of migraine, you will most likely experience an aura 10–30 minutes before the onset of symptoms.
Common symptoms of the aura include:
- Flashing lights
- Seeing distorted-looking objects
- Wavy lines
Menstrual migraine – as the name suggests, this type of migraine occurs in women around their menstrual cycle. You could develop the symptoms, before, during, or after your period.
Migraine equivalent – the unique feature of this type of migraine is experiencing the aura without the symptoms of a headache. Most commonly occurring in people above the age of 50, the risk of developing migraine equivalent is higher in individuals who had the classic migraine when they were younger.
Complicated migraine – the symptoms of complicated migraine are generally severe and include:
- Speech difficulty
- Trouble understanding speech
- Temporary paralysis of the arms or legs
- Numbness and tingling across the body
Fortunately, these symptoms subdue when the migrainous attack ends.
Abdominal migraine – these migraines are common in children. Symptoms include dizziness and vomiting.